NOTE! This site uses cookies and similar technologies.

If you not change browser settings, you agree to it.

I understand
Slide item 1

The thermal complex of Castrocaro Terme: marriage of rationalist architecture and Art Déco

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 2

Interior of the spa building: ceramics and paintings celebrate water, life and games

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 3

Monumental façade of the Grand Hotel: material expression of the grandeur of the Fascist regime

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 4

Grand Hotel: façade facing the park decorated with luxurious ceramics

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 5

Interiors of the Grand Hotel hosting an international clientele

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 6

Festival hall of the thermal complex designed for high society: a place for recreation

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 7

Festival hall (Padiglione delle Feste) used for dancing, film screenings and gambling

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 8

Entrance hall of the Padiglione

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 9

Entrance hall of the Padiglione: colourful mosaic floor displaing sailing boats

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 10

Main hall of the Padiglione with five colourful glass windows decorating the ceiling

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 11

Restored glass window displaying Eurasia

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 12

Games room of the Padiglione with unique panels displaying figures of Italian and French playing cards

Photo: Luca Massari

Slide item 13

The thermal complex is immersed into a lush green park

Photo: Luca Massari

Castrocaro Terme e Terra del Sole, Italy

Illusory beauty

The thermal complex of Castrocaro Terme is a splendid example of beautiful Art Déco perfectly merged with modern architecture, almost leading us to forget the terrible ideals behind the regime, which built it. Still today, international guests enjoy the healing waters of the unique spa resort.

Castrocaro thermal complex: Marriage between Rationalism and Art Déco

The thermal complex of Castrocaro Terme is unique in Italy, combining rationalist architecture and the decorative style of Art Déco. It was Tito Chini, who decorated the buildings with ceramics and paintings, celebrating water, life and games.
Between 1936 and 1938, the new luxurious spa complex added to the existing thermal structure built in the 19th century. Three buildings were constructed and decorated: the Grand Hotel, a spa building (Palazzo delle Terme) for thermal treatments, and the festival hall (Padiglione delle Feste), all immersed in a vast and lush park. With elegantly decorated interiors, luxurious exteriors of terracotta, travertine and marble as well as modern facilities, Castrocaro gained international reputation as a spa resort.

Modernisation, recreation, and grandeur

Castrocaro Terme and Fratta Terme are the only hot spring resorts built from scratch under the Fascist regime in Italy - both in the province of Forlì. In fact, Mussolini devoted great attention to the modernisation of the province of his origins. The Fascist leader carried out a number of measures, among which the valorisation of the spa resorts (tourism programme).
Moreover, the thermal complexes were part of the social and health programme, supposed to regenerate the Italian population. However, the thermal complex of Castrocaro was designed for high society, offering a place for recreation and diversion. It hosted an international clientele, as well as political leaders to be received by Mussolini.
Known as the “spa of the Mussolini family” (“le Terme dei Mussolini”), it was a place aimed at displaying the power and grandeur of the regime. Furthermore, it was part of the construction of the Mussolini myth in the province of his origins.